5 Brilliant Real-World Use Cases Of Data Science And AI
According to International Data Corporation (IDC), the worldwide Artificial Intelligence (AI) industry is likely to surpass $500 billion in 2023.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Data Science are sweeping the modern age by transforming it into a revolutionary leap forward. We are surrounded by high-speed computer gadgets and a plethora of game-changing evolutionary concepts that are making the globe a much better place to live in and observe and witness numerous future discoveries.
In this article, we will take a look at the most amazing 5 out of the billions of real-world applications that may be used to answer this question. The purpose of this article is to help readers comprehend the most widely utilized AI and Data Science technologies in today’s age.
So, without further ado, let’s get started and have a look at some of the amazing real-world use cases of Data Science and AI.
Cancer Detection and Research
Personal digital assistants answer our inquiries, robo-advisors trade our stocks, and autonomous automobiles will one day carry us where we want to go. AI has pervaded our lives, and its usage in biological research and health care is exploding—including in all aspects of cancer research, where AI’s potential applications are limitless.
AI is especially adept in detecting patterns in large volumes of data, deducing connections between complex features of the data, and discovering qualities in data (such as photographs) that the human brain is unable to detect. It has already proven successful in radiology, where doctors use computers to swiftly evaluate images, freeing up radiologists to focus on areas that need an expert opinion. Last year, the FDA authorized the first AI-based software to swiftly evaluate images and help radiologists in detecting breast cancer in screening mammography.
AI integration in cancer treatment has the potential to increase diagnostic accuracy and efficiency, as well as clinical decision-making and health outcomes. Clinical therapy based on AI has the potential to significantly reduce health disparities, particularly in low-resource settings. National Cancer Institute (NCI) will invest in research, infrastructure development, and workforce training to help achieve these and other objectives.
Solutions For People with Disabilities
Assistive technology and techniques such as intelligent prostheses, image recognition for blindness, anomaly detection using smart sensors, and self-driving automobiles are all examples of how data science assists people with disabilities. These AI-powered accessibility technologies help the physically and cognitively impaired. Please find below a few examples of how Data Science and AI help with disability!
Intelligent Prosthetics: Intelligent prosthetics have been introduced as auxiliary devices to aid improve the walking experience. According to data from the non-profit Amputee Coalition, there are about 2 million persons in the United States who have lost limbs. Every year, 185,000 people have their lower limbs amputated. As a result of the increased need for assistive technology for amputees, more effort is being taken to enhance prostheses’ operations.
Image Recognition for the Visually impaired: If you understand anything about data science, you know that deep learning models are fantastic for picture recognition. Microsoft’s Seeing AI is an amazing illustration of how image recognition technology may aid assistive devices for the visually impaired. Seeing AI is a machine learning tool that detects photos of brief text, documents, goods, people, sceneries around the user, currencies, light, color, and handwriting using machine learning. The AI decodes what the camera sees and converts the data into sounds. For the visually challenged user, this allows the visual world to be transformed into an aural experience.
Natural Language Processing (NLP) for People With Deafness: The use of AI in data science for the deaf is also gaining traction in the App ecosystem. Evalk, a Dutch startup, has created an AI-powered software that converts sign language into voice in real-time. To power the translation, GnoSys uses Natural Language Processing (NLP), Neural Networks, and Computer Vision.
In addition to this Data Science and AI is also employed in other solutions to help those who are affected either physically or mentally by assisting their disabilities such as:
- Captions for Sound Effects for the Hearing impaired
- Self-driving cars
- Research in Parkinson’s disease
Tackle Climate Change
The globe has been shaken by a worldwide epidemic that has resulted in thousands of fatalities, economic misery, and widespread social disturbance. While we are preoccupied with our present needs, we must keep in mind that another catastrophe is approaching: climate change.
Artificial intelligence solutions have the ability to detach economic expansion from growing carbon emissions and environmental damage. Both impact and resource decoupling may be aided by AI as a stack of data, learning algorithms, and sensing devices.
Impact decoupling refers to the reduction of environmental harm, such as CO2 emissions, per unit of economic activity. For example, we may use AI technology to forecast power supply and demand in the grid, optimize renewables scheduling, and minimize life-cycle fossil fuel emissions through predictive maintenance in the energy sector to reduce life-cycle fossil fuel emissions. Traffic forecasts, freight transportation optimization, demand modeling, and shared mobility options may all benefit from AI applications in transportation.
Artificial intelligence for climate action has the potential to cut global greenhouse gas emissions by up to 4%. Global data centers and predictive algorithms, on the other hand, are hastening international logistical chains, resource exploitation, and fossil fuel emissions in ways we don’t see or comprehend. As we look to the future, we must guarantee that the advantages of harnessing artificial intelligence to combat climate change exceed the disadvantages.
AI enabling Medical Science
Artificial Intelligence and Data Science are critical in medical sciences, and progress is being done at an incredible pace in this discipline. AI has a huge impact on the medical area because of its many applications.
One of the first programs that newcomers to data science work on is a classification machine learning task to determine whether or not a patient has a tumor. You’ll be given a set of input features with varying variables as well as some example outputs.
After training, the machine learning algorithm will comprehend the input and output characteristics and identify the best match. Once completed, the model can effectively calculate and generate more accurate predictions for different datasets.
However, this was just one of the examples, and the medical industry has a lot more applications. Deep learning and neural networks are being employed in scanning and other medical applications to get excellent outcomes. Many clinical problems are ideal for AI applications, because of advances in computer power and enormous volumes of data collected in healthcare systems.
The following is an example of contemporary uses of precise and clinically relevant algorithms that can assist both patients and physicians by simplifying diagnosis.
This is just one of many incredible examples of algorithms outperforming physicians in image categorization problems. In the autumn of 2018, researchers from Seoul National University Hospital and College of Medicine developed the DLAD (Deep Learning-based Automatic Detection) AI algorithm to analyze chest radiographs and detect abnormal cell growth, such as potential cancers.
Help Alleviate Poverty
‘High-tech’ has come to be associated with high incomes and investment. There are, however, a slew of programmes using modern technology to help people get out of poverty. Using AI to aid the most underprivileged individuals and families is a wonderful approach to put it to good use.
So, how does one go about accomplishing this?
Recognition of poverty: Recognizing the roots of poverty is critical when considering how to employ technology to address the issues. Natural catastrophes, war and warfare, access to inexpensive food, and a lack of education and life skills are all factors. AI can assist in identifying those in the region who are most in need of assistance. AI may help with assistance distribution in poorer and war-torn places, as well as where natural catastrophes have wrought destruction, by enhancing farmed lands and agriculture, expanding education, and assisting residents in acquiring new skills to sustain communities.
Education Sector: Poverty and a lack of education are intricately linked, yet AI has the potential to improve education in underserved places. Intelligent chatbots may soon serve as substitute instructors for pupils who do not have access to other types of education. An AI instructor might take students through a curriculum as long as they have access to a computer/internet connection. To analyze the learning level and talents of individual students, AI would employ real-time analytics and machine learning. This may completely eliminate the financial hurdles and inequity that so many people face in education across the world.
Agriculture: AI also helps to alleviate poverty by enhancing agriculture. Agriculture is the main source of income in many areas where poverty is rampant. FarmView is a project started by AI experts from Carnegie Mellon University. They employ robots and artificial intelligence to help underdeveloped countries enhance the sustainability of staple food crops.
Researchers are utilizing drone technology, robots, and machine learning to study the crop “sorghum”. They’re figuring out how to get the most out of these crops’ development. Sorghum is utilized in the manufacture of food, beverages, and biofuels. The ability to cultivate sorghum would be extremely beneficial to impoverished places where agriculture is their primary source of income. Machine Learning helps with this by integrating data gathered during the growing season into an AI model that can assist farmers estimate the best methods to cultivate this crop.
In this article, we attempted to showcase some of the most prominent real-world AI and data science use cases. There are several additional Real-world use cases for these technologies, and detailing them all would take an enormous amount of time.
In the last decade, Data Science, AI, and Machine Learning technologies have advanced at an incredible rate. These innovations have established themselves as a must-have in a variety of sectors, and they continue to grow in importance and demand in new ones.
All of these instances are from the current generation of the modern world. We hope that this post has given you a good knowledge of how AI and Data Science may be used to create and accomplish current real-world use cases.